Hydration For Older Adults

Posted by Kia Crawford on November 24th, 2015 in Body | No Comments

Hydration is something you think about at the gym, but not necessarily when caring for a loved one. Water can seem like a minor issue when a senior needs continuous care, help with medication, or assistance just getting around their house. But seniors are especially prone to dehydration and it can cause serious health problems.

For example:

  1. Water is essential to your energy level and your body’s ability to process its food.
  2. Water is necessary to remove toxins from the body through urine, sweat, and the liver.
  3. The nervous system depends on ions from water to function.

These processes can suffer even if a senior is drinking some water. They need about 2 liters a day to be healthy, and potentially more if they drink coffee, soda, alcohol, or other substances that dry out the body.

All of this applies to people of any age, but it’s especially important to seniors, who are at higher risk for dehydration than the rest of us. Some of the reasons seniors get dehydrated include:

  • Decreased appetite, which leads to less water intake through food and with meals
  • Decreased thirst, even when water is needed
  • Loss of body mass, which corresponds to a lower water content in the body
  • Taking diuretic medicines (medications that dry you out)
  • Incontinence, and an intentional decision to drink less water to avoid going to the bathroom
  • Mobility issues and difficulty getting a drink


Is Your Loved One Dehydrated?

There are signs you can look for that may tell you if your loved one is dehydrated. Many of these signs can be mistaken for other things, and are often ignored—but they are worth noticing and taking seriously. These signs shutterstock_253676341include:

  • Frequent headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Chapped lips or cracking skin
  • Nausea
  • Confusion or disorientation
  • Irritability
  • No need to go to the bathroom

Some of these signs can also be symptoms of other common conditions for the elderly, such as Alzheimer’s disease or diabetes. Dehydration can “work together” with other conditions to make seemingly small medical problems much more serious. It can result in more frequent illness or increased hospitalizations. Keeping seniors hydrated is vital to their safety.

How to Keep Seniors Hydrated

At Dogwood Forest we take special steps to make sure residents are hydrated at all times.

  • Serving balanced, healthy meals that seniors enjoy eating
  • Knowing which beverage your loved one likes and regularly offering it to them
  • Making sure water is within reach at all times in a mobility-friendly environment
  • Serving smaller, but more frequent beverages so seniors don’t feel they’re having “too much”
  • Minimizing coffee, tea or sugary beverages which dry out the body
  • Making sure cups are easy to use, with handles or sipping straws as needed

In addition, we watch for signs of dehydration and consider dehydration as a factor if a senior is experiencing any health complaints. These are just a few of the small ways that Dogwood Forest creates a better living environment for seniors and contributes to positive health outcomes.

Want to see Dogwood Forest for yourself? We’re happy to offer you a tour or answer your questions. Contact us today.